Heat insulation is a very practical solution. We insulate our houses to save energy and create more comfortable living environments. The average person spends anywhere from days to years of his or her life in a vehicle, so we’ve developed a product line to ensure your car feels like home.
Thermal insulation solves two problems: climate control inside your vehicle and heat-related issues under the hood.
By controlling the climate inside your vehicle, you can reduce the impact of the sun on a hot summer day and ensure more heat stays in your car in the winter.
Thermal barriers also help with engine related heat issues to prevent engine and exhaust heat from coming through the firewall and floorboards preserve the paint on your hood.
Second Skin’s thermal barriers and heat insulation are easy to install, economical, and will greatly increase the comfort level and enjoyment of any vehicle.
Heat travels by three different methods. To keep cool, you have to redirect the heat or insulate yourself from it. Let’s take a second to learn about the types of heat, and then we’ll show you how to protect and improve your vehicle.
Condution of heat occurs when two objects are physically touching each other. A good example is a frying pan resting on top of a stove’s hot electric burner. The pan and burner are in physical contact, and that contact allows the transfer of heat from the stove to the frying pan. Conduction in vehicles primarily happens inside the engine.
Convection occurs when heat travels between two objects that are not physically touching. One object heats the air molecules around it, and then the hot air carries that heat to the other object, increasing its temperature. Convection is a big problem in cars, because the engine and exhaust heat transfers through the air into the cabin.
Radiation is another problem for cars. We’re all impacted by the sun, which radiates a huge amount of heat energy to the roof, trunk lid and doors of your car. Even if there was a vacuum around your car, the energy of the sun’s heat would still travel to it via radiation. Heat also comes from inside the car, radiating from the engine block and exhaust system.
To solve heat related problems you need to:
Adding thermal insulation to your vehicle can make a big difference. When applied correctly, a high quality heat shield and insulation can stop over 90% of heat transfer. You’ll literally feel the difference.
It depends on what type of heat you’re dealing with. If it’s convection, you’re looking for an insulator with a high r-value. The r-value is going to depend on the type of material and its thickness. If you’re stopping radiant heat, you want to know what percentage of the heat the barrier will reflect.
Keep in mind that there are a ton of variables in heat transfer. It can be hard to know what to do, so we boiled it down to a few key tips:
At Second Skin, we like to use high R-value, lightweight, multi-layer materials in our vehicles.
Our Heat Wave Pro thermal insulation blanket is made by filling two strong foil outer layers with a jute material and natural cotton denim fibers. The jute and denim are treated for fire, mold, and mildew resistance. Heat Wave Pro has a Class A fire rating and meets fire resistance standards (FMVSS 302).
The reinforced foil fabric is laminated to both sides of the jute material to increase radiant reflection and add durability. The natural fibers reduce convectional heat transfer and will insulate your car from extreme temperatures. This thermal-acoustic barrier will block heat and reduce noise generated from engines, exhaust, and transmissions.
For the best results, apply Heat Wave Pro on top of our Damplifier or Damplifier Pro soundproofing material. The thick foil layer on our Damplifier products also acts as a thermal insulator and the combination will give you excellent heat control.
For even better radiant heat reflection, we offer our Mega Block thermal insulation material, which will handle up to 1,000°F. Mega Block was specifically engineered to handle the most extreme temperature environments, even beyond what you typically see in a vehicle.
Instead of jute and denim, Mega Block uses a hydrophobic melamine foam with an aluminum foil-faced composite bonded on top. The melamine foam acts as a blanket to reduce convectional heat, and upgrading to the treated foam material greatly improves sound absorption. It’s still lightweight and flexible while being easy to install with a peel & stick backing.
Remember earlier about your hot car on a summer day? To solve that problem, you need to place a layer of protection between the headliner and roof of your car.
Note that if you already installed our Damplifier sound deadener under the roof, then you already have some thermal protection. If no sound deadening is present or a cheap deadener was used, you may want to add more.
Our Heat Wave Pro, the jute and denim material with foil on each side, works extremely well between the headliner and roof of a car. Besides having a very high thermal value, it also does a good job of absorbing sound. That’s a bonus, especially if your car has a great audio system.
For even better results, you could install our hydrophobic melamine foam product – it’s called Mega Zorbe. Mega Zorbe has better acoustical properties as well as a high thermal resistance.
This is an absolute must if you have an expensive paint job. Otherwise, engine heat will ruin the paint several years early. First, apply our Damplifier on the metal surface of the hood, and then install Mega Block or Heat Wave Pro to reflect radiant heat. You’ll cut down on engine noise, while making the top of your hood cool to the touch.
Cold air intake systems are made of plastic. The problem is, plastic easily allows engine compartment heat to warm the air inside the cold air tract, defeating its purpose. To combat that, and give your engine a breath of cool, dense air, insulate the cold air intake tract with some Thermal Block
Cars can often be made more comfortable with additional thermal barriers. Hot rods, restorations, and high-performance vehicles can all be more fun to drive with some basic heat control. Whether your goal is comfort or performance, we can help you achieve it.
Second Skin can help you figure out what is best for your vehicle. Before spending money, call us for help on your project!
There is a lot to know, but it can be easy with a little help. We’re here to help you build the vehicle you want to drive.